As Peru’s capital, the stunning city of Lima is fondly known as the 'City of Kings' and has a wealth of reminders of life in the Old World. Owing to its numerous historical monuments, Lima’s Historic Centre has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1988. Lima Cathedral, first built in the 16th century, then rebuilt following earthquake damage in the 18th century, has 16 chapels in total and is also home to the Religious Art Museum.
Curious adventurers frequently visit the San Francisco Monastery’s shadowy catacombs - a burial site up until the 1800s that contains thousands of bones and skulls, arranged in circular pits. Also within the Historic Centre is Huaca Pucllana, the ruins of a 1500-year-old pre-Incan pyramid that is beautifully illuminated at night. Peru's Sacred Valley, was once at the heart of the Incan Empire. Today, its colourful, traditional market in the town of Chinchero attracts visitors from all over the world. Close by in the town of Maras, the spectacular terraced salt pans, which date back to Incan times and have been passed down through the generations, give an incredible view of the Andean scenery. West of Maras, head to Moray to view the enormous circular terraces that resemble an amphitheatre and are thought to have been used for agricultural experiments in Incan times.
Additional impressive Inca ruins can be found at the town of Ollantaytambo, recognised as a National Archaeological Site. Perhaps one of the most sought-after destinations in Peru is the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Machu Picchu. This enigmatic 'Lost City of the Incas' includes the fascinating Temple of the Sun at Korikancha, the Sacred Plaza and the Intihuatana, which is believed to be an ancient sun clock. Back in the modern world, Plaza de Armas (or Plaza Mayor) is the ideal spot for shopping. Cruising Lake Titicaca, South America’s largest lake, will give you the opportunity to see the famous floating islands of Uros. Here, locals bundle reeds from the lake to build floating platforms, houses and canoes. A short distance onwards will bring you to the island of Amantani, known for its weaving and breathtaking landscape.